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It was from the Holy of Holies that the High Priest communicated directly with God.
According to the rabbinic sages whose debates produced the Talmud, it was from here the world expanded into its present form and where God gathered the dust used to create the first human, Adam.
The location is the holiest site in Judaism and is the place Jews turn towards during prayer.
Due to its extreme sanctity, many Jews will not walk on the Mount itself, to avoid unintentionally entering the area where the Holy of Holies stood, since according to Rabbinical law, some aspect of the divine presence is still present at the site.
A number of vocal Jewish groups now advocate building the Third Holy Temple without delay in order to bring to pass God's "end-time prophetic plans for Israel and the entire world." According to the Book of Samuel, Mount Zion was the site of the Jebusite fortress called the "stronghold of Zion", but once the First Temple was erected, according to the Bible, at the top of the Eastern Hill ("Temple Mount"), the name "Mount Zion" migrated there too.
The Temple was of central importance in Jewish worship, in the Tanakh and the Christian Old Testament.
The platform can be reached via Gate of the Chain Street – a street in the Muslim Quarter at the level of the platform, actually sitting on a monumental bridge; The temple mount has historical and religious significance for all three of the major Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
A northern portion of the western wall may be seen from within the Western Wall Tunnel, which was excavated through buildings adjacent to the platform.
On the southern and eastern sides the walls are visible almost to their full height.
The Dome was completed in 692 CE, making it one of the oldest extant Islamic structures in the world.
The Al Aqsa Mosque rests on the far southern side of the Mount, facing Mecca.